persian gulf Persischer golf

انيميشن

  

الخلیج الفارس 
بحر الفارسی   

بحر الفارس انگلیسی 
.سینوس پرسی 

.خلاصه کتاب خلیج فارس به زبان انگلیسی  
<سازمان خليج فارس 

دريای پارسی در جیوسیتی


----جزاير سه گانه  
  3 iranian island =

ابوموسی    
    دریای مازندران نامهای دریای شمال 

 

  خزر

کتابها ی فارسی  در مورد نام خلیج فارس

دریای  پارس


دریای پارس1  

متن کتاب خلیج فارس در درازای تاریخ: پیروز مجتهد زاده 

--------
متن کتاب خلیج فارس نامی کهن تر از تاریخ  

persiske bugt.persique golfe  2متن کتاب خلیج فارس نامی
 کهن تر از تاریخ ------
--------------------------------------
persico میر پرسیکو  
--------------------------------------
عجم 
   
 1 سایت الخلیج بحر العجم">
  
 1   خاورمیانه بمنا
  
 3  فارسی-عربی واژه گان

  ۵۰۰۰ واژگان فارسی  معرب شده   

   
 4 قنات در ایران اختراع شد  = 

    
 6 اقلیتهای قومی و مذهبی در خاورمیانه و بحرانهای موجود
 
       
 بحر عجم bahreajam

هریتج پرسیکو

   نامهای باستانی خلیج فارس ایران  زیبد-

 :

نقشه دريای پارس

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Persian gulf confab


 

International Persian Gulf Confab to be held in Isfahan

Isfahan, May 23,-An international conference dubbed `Persian Gulf in the Course of History' will open at Isfahan University on Tuesday.

Secretary of the conference Ali Akbar Kajbaf told IRNA on Monday that out of 143 treatises received by the secretariat of the upcoming event 52 selected ones will be presented.

"Over 25 foreign guests from Britain, Germany, the US, Iraq, Kuwait and Tajikistan will participate in the upcoming conference.

"The conference mainly aims to re-examine the role of Persian Gulf in national developments in the course of history. Besides, respecting the name of the Persian Gulf in the course of history from geographical, historical, political and legal perspective is another objective of the event," he added.

"Given the false names suggested for the Persian Gulf and the attempts underway by some of the countries bordering it and a few British research centers to compile books titled the Arab Gulf based on fake documents, the conference aims to present documented reasons to prove the name of the Persian Gulf," he added.

The official said that holding scientific meetings and specialized debates in the presence of domestic and foreign scholars and researchers on the issue are among the major programs of the upcoming conference.

"Head of the History Department of Isfahan University said that the distinction between the upcoming conference and the other seminars held on the issue is that this will be the first specialized gathering on the Persian Gulf to be held by the Ministry of Sciences, Research and Technology.

"The international seminar has been arranged jointly by Isfahan University, the Foreign Ministry's Institute for Political and International Studies in cooperation with the Center for Dialogue Among Civilizations, Isfahan province Governorate General, Municipality, Department of Culture and Islamic Guidance and two private companies.

The two-day conference (May 24-25) will be held at Sa'eb and Shariati halls of Isfahan University.



Persepolis: The Story of a Childhood

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ALAZEERA.COM


 

 



Trouble between Iran and the UAE could flare up following the seizure of boats belonging to both

The dispute between the United Arab Emirates and Iran over three strategic islands in the Persian Gulf flared up as both sides seized boats belonging to the other country, it was reported on Sunday.  Abu Dhabi's foreign ministry, embassy in Tehran and consulate in Bandar Abbas have undertaken contacts "with relevant authorities in Iran to resolve the issue of the five sailors" detained after their fishing boat was seized, foreign ministry  under-secretary Abdullah Rashed Al Nuaimi told the daily Al Khaleej."Iranian officials have promised to resolve the matter," he said.According to the Al Khaleej paper, an Emirati national and four Indian expatriates were aboard the fishing boat, which according to its Emirati owner, Mohammad Hassan Al Qadhi, "disappeared on May 8."The newspaper said three Iranian boats were seized by Emirati authorities on May 15 "after entering UAE territorial waters," but did not make clear how many people were on board or their nationalities.Abu Dhabi and Tehran have a longstanding row over the islands of Greater Tunb, Lesser Tunb and Abu Musa, seized by Iran after British forces left Persian Gulf in 1971 but claimed by the UAE

84

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unknown civilization in the mouth of persian gulf 10000BC

Timetable Ancient History

Years BC. Event
2,400,000 Oldest known stone tools found in Africa
1,900,000 Homo Erectus inhabiting Africa
1,000,000 Homo Erectus reaches Asia
500,000 Early hand axes
460,000 Earliest known use of fire
380,000 First artificial shelter
200,000 Homo Sapiens sapiens inhabiting Africa
98,000 First known burials in Middle East
75,000 Homo sapiens inhabiting China
53,000 Colonization of Australia
45,000 Early cave art work
45,000 Oldest known musical instrument found in Africa
8000

First settlements at Jericho

The ancient settlement of Jericho was located in the Jordan Valley north of the Dead Sea. The presence of a natural spring in this location provided its settlers with fertile ground for growing grain. The city dates from at least 8000 B.C. The population of Jericho reached about 1000. Jericho is the oldest known walled city in the world. Its inhabitants were protected by a wall 2100' long which was dominated by a 30' tower. The city stood until it was sacked around 1400 B.C.

5900

Ubaid Period in Mesopotamia

The Ubaid Period was a cultural period in Sumer. It lasted from about 5900 B.C. to 4300 B.C. and was named after the site from which the material was first discovered, Tel al-Ubaid.

The Ubaid Period consists of three sub periods: Ubaid I - also called the Eridu Period. Ubaid II - also called the Haji Mohammed Period. Ubaid III - also called the Late Ubaid.

The three periods are differentiated by the coloring and the style of the pottery used.

5000 First Mesopotamian cities erected
3500 Sumerians settle in Mesopotamia
3300 Sumerian writing on clay tablets
3250 Wheel in use in Mesopotamia
3100 Sumerian writing evolves into cuneiform

Let us have a look at the timetable from Sumer to Persia, as handed by Scholars.

with thanks to http://www.wsu.edu:8080/~dee/MESO/MESO.HTM

Mesopotamia 9000 - 500 BC

Early Farming Communities 9000-5000 BCE

BCE. HISTORY CULTURE

9000 Beginning cultivation of wild wheat and barley and domestication of dogs and sheep; inaugurating of change from food gathering to food producing culture - Karim Shahir in Zagros foothills.
7000 At Jarmo, oldest known permanent settlement: crude mud houses, wheat grown from seed, herds of goats, sheep, and pigs.
6000 Migration of northern farmers settle in region from Babylon to Persian Gulf. Hassuna culture introduces irrigation, fine pottery, permanent dwellings; dominates culture for 1000 years, develops trade from Persian Gulf to Mediterranean.

Pre-Sumerians 5000-3500 BC

BCE. HISTORY CULTURE

5000 Ubaidians develop first divisions of labor, mud brick villages, first religious shrines. Small temple at Eridu - earliest example of an offering table and niche for cult object.
4500
4000 Semitic nomads from Syria and Arabian peninsula invade southern Mesopotamia, intermingle with Ubaidian population Temple at Tepe Gawra built - setting style for later examples.

Sumerians 3500-1900 BC

BCE. HISTORY CULTURE

3500 Sumerians settle on banks of Euphrates Temple at Eridu - ziggurat prototype
3000 Democratic assemblies give way to kingships, evolve into hereditary monarchies.

Kish - leading Sumerian city

Introduction of pictographs to keep administrative records. 3-D statues, e.g. Warka head. White Temple - ziggurat traditional design. Temple at Tell-Uqair - mosaic decorations. cuneiform land sales formal contracts. Eridu and Kish - simple palaces. "Standard of Ur" - war-peace plaque, religious statues, gold and silver artefacts buried in tombs of Ur. Sumerians of Abu Salabikh - first poetry.
2750 Gilgamesh, hero of Sumerian legends, reigns as king of Erech
2500 Lugalannemudu of Abab unites city states which vie for domination for 200 years.
2250 Ur-Nammu founds Ur's 3rd. dynasty; dedicates ziggurat at Ur moon-god Nanna, sets up early law code. Gudea, Prince of Lagash, art and lit patron, magnificent statues produced in his honor.
2000 Elamites attack and destroy Ur.

Babylonians and Assyrians 1900-500 BC

BCE. HISTORY CULTURE

1900 Amorites from Syrian desert conquer Sumer.
1800 Hammurabi ascends Babylonian throne.
1700 Hammurabi brings most of Mesopotamia under his control. Hammurabi introduces law code.
1600 Hittite invasion from Turkey ends Hammurabi's dynasty.
1500 Assyria conquered by Hurrians from Anatolia. Bas-relief of baked brick appears as dominant art form - Karaindash Temple.
1400 Kurigalzu assumes Babylonian throne
1200 Nebuchadrezzar I expels Elamites.
1100 King Tiglath-Pileser I leads Assyria to new era of power. Iron, introduced originally by Hittites, is used extensively in Assyria for tools and weapons.
1000 Assyrian empire shattered by Aramaean and Zagros tribes. 150 Assyrian decline halted by Adadnirari II.
900 Assurnasirpal II builds magnificent new capital, Calah, replacing old capital of Assur, present day Nimrud.
800 Tiglath-Pileser II creates great empire extending from the Persian Gulf to the borders of Egypt. Sargon II builds new capitol at Dur-Sharrukin
700 Assurbanipal extends empire from Nile to Caucasus Mountains. Chaldeans and Iranian Medes overrun Assyria - Neo-Babylonian empire. Sennacherib's son, Esaraddon, rebuilds Babylon.
600 Nebuchadrezzar II rules Neo-Babylonian empire. Razes Jerusalem, takes Jews into captivity in Babylon. Builds "Tower of Babel," temple to Marduk
500 Cyrus the Great, Persian warrior and statesman, conquers Babylon.

note : In my opinion most of the timetable should be placed much earlier than scholars think, such as the lifetime of King Gilgamesh (chapter 7) can be placed at least 3,500 years before the above mentioned timetable, Gilgamesh lived around 6,200 BCE.


2. Sumerians, Acadians and Babylonians

The Sumerians, Acadians and Babylonians lived in the land Mesopotamia (the land of the two rivers), known today as southern and middle Iraq and Kuwait.

The Sumerians lived about 5000-2,400 BCE. The Acadians lived more or less peacefully together with the Sumerians from about 2,500 BCE. The Babylonians conquered the Sumerians and Acadians about 1,900 BCE. (see the timetable above)

The origin of the Sumerians is unknown. (probably India) The intriguing question keeps returning into the literature but has so far unsatisfactory answers.

The Sumerians were not the first people in Mesopotamia. They were not present before 5000 BCE, while before that time village communities existed with a high degree of organization. The ''principle of agriculture'' was not discovered by the Sumerians. This is evident from words the Sumerians use for items in relation to the domestication

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<#hits#> Prophet Muhammad: persian sea

 

 

:

 
 
 
Although I am an Arab I consider humanity as brothers & sisters.   
I swear by Allah, that's the absolute truth.  Indeed I accept your call that the name of the waters between Iran & Arabia should remain as the Persian Gulf.   
This just might surprise you; back when I was in Intermediate & Secondary schools in the '50s in Iraq I was an excellent Arabic calligrapher and an amateur artist.  Since our schools didn't much money they couldn't buy maps so I was the only student who drew all world history & geography maps for my schools.  When I drew the map of the Middle East or Iraq I always showed the Persian Gulf on the maps.  In my opinion, Arab nationalism came about during Nasser's era in the '50s & it collapsed with the down fall of the Baathis in Iraq.  Insha'Alla, one day all nations will put their nationalism in the back burner and live together in peace. Wasn't that precisely what Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) tried to do, which he started with the Arabs of Al-Jahiliyya.  Look at Europe, after centuries of slaughtering each other now they put all their hostilities & nationalism aside & have formed a union.  So why not us Muslims?
 
.  The Persian Gulf,  the Middle East, Near East & Far East all were names coined by the British & Western colonialists to identify the regions of their empires around the world thereby coined a phrase "the sun never sets on the British Empire."   What's so awkward is that the official name today for UK is "The United Kingdom of Great Britain."   What a sham!  Today, the British Empire is merely an island slightly more productive than Taiwan.
 
I have something better for you, which might please you.  Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) of Islam called it the "Persian Sea" and not the Persian Gulf.  while  the Prophet of Islam called it the Persian Sea  bahre fares , so it must be it.  That's what it is "the Persian Sea."  What we need now is to  ask  for change  of  world maps to show "The Persian Sea."
 
 
Ahmad (Sulayman) Solomon
Houston, Texas
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NEVER FIND EVEN a single book to refer to A gulf

 

Reply To: Al-Ahram article by Mohammad Abed Al Hadi
and Hesham Al Asmar 18/1/2002
sharq al awsat 1/1/2005 Abdul Rahman Rashid 1/12005
AL Nahar al Maghrebia
 AL Nahar al Lobnania
7/1/2005 Dr. Yasin Sueid 

Thank you for your interest to find a solution for the confusion that created by ultra nationalist and Takfeirey group among our Moslem nations of the Persian gulf area regarding the name of this most famous body of water. First of all defending of this historical name as a heritage of yours and ours fathers and ancestors have never been nationalistic or chauvinist approach, as some had claimed. one of the best reason for it ,  ( 3 years ago Iranian government based on our report  removed  pervious official name of Mazanderan (a Persian tribe ) and  replace it  by khazar  to refer to Caspian sea. this was due to our suggestion to the government based on this fact that all historical maps and documents of Iran and those of Islamic world had referred to it  as Khazar sea( a non Persian trib) till 100 years ago.  Iranian officials recognition of  this  suggestion and declaring it as only official name to be used for
inside Iran and Caspian sea for foreign languages (click here for more .....) is one our  prove and a fact in this claim.
we as  Persians have never been chauvinistic and we had tolerated Arabic mass media as they had referred to it as the new name of Arabic in the past 20 years,  we joined Iranian scholars  in this campaign when we noticed that Arabs officials and some institutions conducting and treating to the ancient name of  (khaleeje al Farsi) Persian gulf  as an Takfeirey and ultra nationalist and politically approach (and in contrary to their norm  for names like of Mediterranean, Egypt ,Jordan , Tigris , Euphrates and many other names,) in translation and republication or in reintroduction of old documents , ancient books or maps they started to change its original word of khaleej al Farsi(PersianGulf) to Arabic gulf and translate word Persian to Arabian ??! I had listed at least 20  ancient books and maps even those of Arabic that recently in new edition , the original name of the Persian gulf (bahre Farsi) had been deleted or translated to Arabian gulf !?!.i.e. (Ibn Battue’s travels). This is contrary to UNESCO conventions and it is ilogic and not a scientific way of writing? We had been silent to your mass media in the past, even in discussion with your officials we had referred to the
Persian Gulf as, the gulf, to show respect to our neighbors but we didn't see any mutual respect regarding historical truth from your side. Even Arab writers had strongly refused your mentioned suggestion of Imam Khomeini in this case, rejecting it and labled it as another expansionist policy of Magusi or Ajamism? The fact is that all the time mediator with good will like you want us to show our good will but you had never asked our Arabs extremist to show a minimum of good will. toward heritage of an ancient  nation who has been there since pre history time .Iranian had never tried to changed Arab sea  to  Persian sea although there are  many references in ancient  book and maps to Persian sea name .but on contrary  in recent 20 years there are  a strong claims and many books and article on false basis on Iranian ancient territory and geo name , many hatred anti persian material in Arabic book which insulting their heritage  and language  so there must be  blame  to extremist and  Takfeerey of your side first and then on those of our side.
Secondly, I think you agree with most famous Arab scholar like Mr.  Professor Abdul Saeed Moneam, Majdei Omar, Abdul Hadi Tazi, Ghalagei, Abdrahman Rashed in this sentences:

 “There is no even a single book or map, document or any written or oral literature in Arabic or other languages in all over the world before 1950s to refer to this body of water as Arabian Gulf? All the maps even those which drawn by Arabs refer to this body of water as khaleeje or bahre Farsi (Persian) and its equivalent.” (See for Arabs scholar opinions here:

Suggestion to change this universal accepted name raised exactly after Iranian oil revolution against British by an agent of BP. in 1952 after confiscation of British Petroleum properties by Iranian government which  new and politically motivated title of Arabian Gulf was suggested by  Roderick Owen (a British member of BP whom for the first time defended  his suggestion in his book “Golden Bubble of the Arabian Gulf,” it  was later imitated by some Arab ultra nationalist  leaders  and Takfeerey groups in the region.  Professor Abdul Hadi Tazi head of Arabic countries in the  UNCSGN(United Nations Conference on the Standardization of Geographical Names) and UNGEGN in an interview with IRNA said:
According to the resolutions of  the 
U N Conferenc on the Standardization of Geo Names, now held every five years, and to the U N Group of Experts on Geo Names which meets between Conferences to follow up the implementation of resolutions adopted by the Conferences,  all geographical places must have officially a single name to avoid confusing in  this age of digital and information era.  this organization recognize for all place name  only one  single official  name even those who have 2 or more names  like Egypt Germany Netherlands …   had announced a single name for international maps and for standardization of names. Any international geo name change must be ratified by UNCSGN. Arabs have raised a local alternate name for
Persian Gulf but this had been rejected by the conference and even UN secretariat in 2 occasions or more have announced that internationally recognized name of the Persian Gulf and its equivalent in another  5 UN official language is only recognized name of that body of water.
Professor Tazi also added “Current existence of 6 Arab countries is not a legal reason to change a name with 3000 universal usage background”.
As May you know all international organizations obeys the regulation of UNCSGN   and more than 15 international organizations are observer member of UNCSGN. (Among them are:
 United Nation
 UN CartographicUnit Staff.  

 IHO. International Hydrographic Organization. 
 IMO- International Maritime Organization.
 IAPO-International Associations of Physical Oceanography.
 IHB- International Hydrographic Bureau.
 United nation Documents on geographical names.
 UNICODE-Encoding Standards Consortium.
 ISO-International Standardization Organizations.
 IHA- International Hydrographic Association.
 UNGEGN-United Nations Group on Geographic Names.
 UNGIWG- United Nation Geographic Information Working group.
 UNGIS- UN Geographical Information.
 IAPO- International Association of Physical Oceanography
 
ICA- International Cartography Association. So any change in geographical places must be with resolution of the   UNCSGN and UNGEGN.more than 184 resolutions of 8 UNCSGN conferences you can see here like resolution No 9 of 8th conference in Berlin
calling IN NOMENCULATURE TO RESPECT geographical name as heritage.see this page 55  of 151

 The United Nations and UNESCO at least has twice recognized the legality of the term “
Persian Gulf “(UNAD 311/March 5, 1971 and UNLA 1984). More than 2000 ancient literatures, books and maps belong to the past three millenniums, which contains this historical name are proof to the Persian Gulf as a right nomenclature. Even all Arab books, document, scholars up to the 1960s have also referred to the body of water As its fore ever name "Khaleej-al-Farsi" (Persian Gulf)

I am aware of that map, I have studied more than 1500 maps of Persian gulf and I have 10 atlases in this regard .   I would like to send you the attach map to add to your collection too it is call accurate map of Persia with the adjacent countries, drawn from the most approved modern maps and cartography the whole being regulated by astron observations: by Eman Bowen 1748. Persian Gulf and Persian sea.

 Regarding 'Sinus Arabicus' and 'Mare Elcatif' you can find the answer in this Saudi Arabia site: http://rasid.com/artc.php?id=2708

Or http://www.farsi-arabi.persianblog.ir/

 the gulf of Bahrain, elcatif and Basra is used by geographers as  small gulf inside the Persian gulf and 3 or 4 exceptional maps can not  nullify 3000 maps and documents , remember that Persian gulf is the only  ancient geo name  with only few exceptional references others  like   Caspian sea  .....  had been referred to  by more than 40 different names .

Please take a glance at the following atlases too:

 -THE GULF IN HISTORIC MAPS first edition 250 maps of 1493-1931 and, Second Edition Contains maps 1478-1861 a private collection of original maps edited by Sultan Bin Muhammad Al- QASIMI, Printed, Inuk by Streamline Press Limited, Leicester, England, in 1996 and 1999. And in UAE 2000 together 400 maps.

- Atlas of historical maps of Persian Gulf from pre history till present time:    Kartugrafi-i Sahab, 1349 [1971] (370 maps)

- The Arabian Peninsula in Old European Maps (260 maps) by Khaled Al Ankary 2001.institut du monde Arabe , Paris and Tunisia University  2001 .

 The Arabian peninsula in old European maps, from the end of the 15th century to the beginning of the 19th century : Khaled Al Ankary collection : Exhibition from September 15th to October 28th 2001  .Baker Berry GA1101 .P465 2001 .

 -  Tibbets, Gerald Randall, Arabian in early Maps, Naples, Italy, and Falcon press, 1978.

 - A Guide to Antique Maps Collection of king Abdulaziz Public Library.Riyadh 

 

- Kuwait in historical maps 1994 by  Abdul lah ghanem 200 maps

- Roots of Kuwait in Netherlands maps 1991 .14 maps

- Atlas-i Iraq dar naqshahha-yi qadimi / Ahmad Susah ;1959  Baghdad . 37 maps


- MAPS OF Bahre Fars IBN Huoghal with 11 another maps of Persian Gulf have been published by bank of Bahrain and Dar al Koran of Bahrain 1996.

and the books: "Etefaghat Seyasy Eghtesadi  from 1806 up to  1970 between Arabs and British by AliMohammad al Rashed published in UAE 1989. in which  you will find more than 30 treaties which contain

The name khaleeje-e Farsi (Persian Gulf

 

THE ISLAND OF TUNB AND ABUMUSA An Iranian Argument in Search of Peace and Cooperation in the Persian Gulf ,Pirouz Mojtahed- Zadeh ,SOS University of London,1996.

 

Atlas Historique L antiquate, Carte II, Presses Universitaire Paris 1955.

Geographie de Strabon, Paris 1805. Deuxieme livre. P.357-362.

 Voyage du Merchand Arabe Sulyman en inde et Chine, Redige en 851, Gabriel Ferrand . 1922 Paris.

 

And the book:" political and economical treaties (Etefaghat Seyasy Eghtesadi) from 1806

Up to 1870   between Arabs and British by Ali

Mohammad al Rashed, published in UAE 1989.

) see also

Atlas Altarikhia by Dr Abdul Moneam Al Majed 40 maps

Dar al fekr al Arabic 1986

 

- Historic maritime maps 1290-1699 Donald wigal- park son press, New York, USA.2000. 3 old maps of Persian Gulf. 

Herodotus .....s   ...).

http://www.jpmaps.co.uk/images/24552.jpg  

   

For further information you may consult:Persian Gulf Organization....


 

 

you WILL NEVER FIND EVEN a single book or map ,document or any written or oral things in any language in all OVER the world BEFOR 1950s to refer to this body of water as ar..ian gulf ? .....

 

 

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,persian gulf older than history

 

 

Estimado Sr/Sra.,

http://www.noticias.info/asp/aspComunicados.asp?nid=109744&src=0

 

Estoy escribiendo a ustedes sobre esta página de web. Cuando la estaba leyendo había una palabra que no podía encontrarla en ningun libro de Geografía. Pero despues de un rato de buscar en la red y también consultar con los sabios, encontré que este lugar es un golfo que se ha sido llamado "Golfo Persíco" desde casí 5000 años antes. Por eso me surperendío muchisimo; que como es posible que un sitio en la red como "Noticias" puede tener este error; que es algo claro, mas claro que agua.

Consultando con las personas que estan trabajando sobre la Geografía del Medio Oriente, decidé de mandarle este mensaje y también estas páginas de web que atraves de ellas ustedes pueden encontrar el nombre verdadero de esta parte del mundo.

 

También entre las páginas de UN en Internet, es possible que podrían saber más sobre este golfo que se llama "Golfo Persíco". Por favor imaginan que va a ocurrir si vamos a escribir "el país de Basco" como una parte separada de España no como una comunidad de España. Eso es totalmente como lo que ustedes hacían con el "Golfo Persíco". Para mí y seguro para las demas Iraníes eso es algo insoportable.

 

Así Por favor teniendo en cuenta de las informaciónes que les regalo aqui, tengan una mirada a su página y seguro que dentro un rato podrémos ver la verdad en esta página. Y eso significa todo lo que debe ocurre en este mundo , y si será no habrá más problemas entre las naciónes que todo somos amigos y parientes; no hay ningun diferencia. Y eso lo ví en la "tve Internaciónal" esta semana, en el día de "FAO"; y seguro que en el país de la paz (España), viven y trabajan la gente que adoran la humanidad y no van a luchar con la cultura y la historia de otras naciónes. En este caso también seguro que todo va a corregir y lo veamos muy pronto. Aquí tienen una dirección de UN y otras que confirman las palabras y fraces que les presentaba:

http://www.un.org/Depts/Cartographic/map/profile/mideastr.pdf (UN)
 

http://www.alte-landkarten.de/htdocs/woda/data/demo/images/16704-01.jpg

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dispute_over_the_name_of_the_Persian_Gulf

 

Espero que luego me van a escribir que este error se ha sido corregido; si necesitan más documentos en este caso por favor me permiten saber.

 

Muchisimas gracias una vez más y espero vista de ustedes muy pronto.

 

Atentamente,

 

Mehri Mohebbi, MSc.

Universidad Politecnica de Madrid,

 
 

نگهبانان خليج فارس

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persiangulf name older than history

کتاب خليج فارس نامی کهن تر از تاريخ کاملترين پژوهش در مورد نام خليج فارس

نويسنده محمد عجم انتشارات پارت. تهران ۱/۶/ ۱۳۸۳ 

 

تصوير

 

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Italian groups to perform 'Persian Gulf' concerts

 
LONDON, Jan 30 (IranMania) - Two Italian musical ensembles namely the
Florence Symphonic Orchestra and the Roman Chorus Group will perform a
piece of song called 'the Persian Gulf''.

According to the Persian daily Jam-e Jam, the conductor of Florence
Symphonic Orchestra said that the Italian two music groups will perform
Persian Gulf songs as a gift to the Iranian nation on the occasion of
Fajr International Music Festival.

Asked to elaborate on the Italian musicians decision to perform the
Persian Gulf song, he said that both Iran and Italy have a rich and
historical culture and civilization. If one of these civilizations is
threatened, it is the responsibility of all to react to such
encroachments, he declared.

"If we do not react to the threats facing the Iranian civilization and
the Persian Gulf, such a scenario will take place in Italy as well
tomorrow," he said.

The Italian music groups proposed to perform in one of Iranian islands
in the Persian Gulf.

Meanwhile, head of the Center for Persian Music Mohammad Hossein
Homafar said that arrangements have been made for 70 music groups to
focus on the theme of Iranian national sovereignty and territorial
integrity.

He said that the Center for Persian Music has also made preparations to
organize programs called 'Echo of the Caspian Sea' in the northern
provinces, 'The Echo of East' in the eastern provinces, 'The Echo of
Oraman' in the western provinces and 'The Echo of the Persian Gulf' in
the southern provinces.

In addition to the music bands from Italy, other foreign groups from
Russia, Romania, the Netherlands, Turkey, Tajikistan, France, Poland,
Azerbaijan, Spain and Ukraine are scheduled to take part in Fajr
International Music Festival.

نویسنده : m.ajam=adjam : ۳:۱٦ ‎ب.ظ ; جمعه ٢ بهمن ،۱۳۸۳
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<#hits#> avesta called it Faraakh Kart

 

 

Persian Sea (Persian Gulf) in the Avesta, Pahlavi texts and the Shahnameh


Faraakh Kart" sea is mentioned twenty seven  times

In the eighth chapter of Bon Dahishn (the seas), the seas on the border of Iran are mentioned as follows:

    "There are three saline seas, one Puyitic, one Kamrood and one Siah Bon! Of these, the Puyitic is the largest... it has ebbs and tides

  1. Some of the respectable speakers of the Persian Gulf Congress mentioned some Assyrian texts as the source of the name 'Persian Sea', even though the origin of the name 'Puyitic' dated farther back than the emergence of the Assyrian state.
  2. "In the oldest inscriptions of Uruk (5500 years ago), the name of this sea has been mentioned as 'Post'", the notes of Mohammad Reza Ryazi, during his talk in Kish; as can be seen with the change of 'y' to 's' (as in 'Pay' to 'Pas', meaning 'after' or 'following' in Persian), 'Post' is another form of 'Puyt' in Puyitic.
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aljazeerah.info/persian gulf name

 please respect the historical truth and heritage names 

The  reference in your website  the  new  term "Arabian Gulf" is historically and legally incorrect. According to all historical, geographical books ,maps and international documents, such as United Nation's directives and the  U NCSGN, the body of water between Iran and Arabian Peninsula is called "Persian Gulf .

As the  most famous Arab scholar  such as Mr.  Professor Abdul Saeed Moneam , Majdei Omar , Abdul Hadi Tazi, Ghalagei, Abdrahman Rashed   had wrote :

“There is no even a single book or map, document or any written or oral literature in Arabic or other languages in all over the world before 1950s to refer to this body of water as Arabian Gulf? All the maps even those which drawn by Arabs refer to this body of water as khaleej or bahre Farsi (Persian) and its equivalent.” (click for Arabs scholar opinions:: www.farsi-arabi.persianblog.ir
.Iranian had never tried to change names like Arab sea  to  Persian sea  , Oman sea   
 Caspian sea  ..... to Iranian although there are  many references in ancient  book and maps to Persian and Iran sea . 

The “Arabian Gulf” actually refers to the present-day Red Sea “in antiquity and the gulf  of west  Alexandria in Egypt coast. See atlas of The Arabian Peninsula in Old European Maps  and click :    Persian Gulf Organization..  ..

   

Please be aware that in legal terms, the United Nations has twice recognized the legality of the term "Persian Gulf" (UNAD 311/March 5, 1971 and UNLA 45.8.2 (c) on August 10, 1984). It is significant that all Arab countries have signed the UN documents. For further information consult the following links:

http://www.un.org/arabic/av/radio/news/2003/n0311070.htm
http://www.un.org/Depts/Cartographic/english/htmain.htm
http://www.un.org/Depts/Cartographic/map/profile/westasia.pdf

http://www.un.org/Depts/Cartographic/map/profile/qatar.pdf

http://www.un.org/Depts/Cartographic/map/profile/iraq.pdf

http://www.un.org/depts/dhl/maplib/docs/escwa.pdf


It is a remarkable fact that the portrayal of geographical nomenclature by your site is at odds and at variance with the actual legal documentation of the UN and to the resolutions of the  .UNCSGN UNConference on the Standardization of Geo Names,  are you  aware of this ?
all Arab scholars up to the 1960s have also referred to the body of water as its Historical name "Kahleej-al-Fares" (Persian Gulf) See atlas of The Arabian Peninsula in Old European Maps (253 maps) by Khaled Al Ankary Tunisia and Atlas of historical maps of persian gulf  by S.M.Ghasmi UAE. or Atlas of IRAQ's  maps  by Ahmad Susa.(click for Arabs scholar opinions:

 www.farsi-arabi.persianblog.ir

Iranian had never tried to change geo name due to national intrest  like Arab sea , Oman sea   or   Caspian sea  .....to  Persian or Iranian sea  although there are  many references in ancient  book and maps to Persian  and Iranian sea.
The invention of "Arabian Gulf" was initiated by a political advisor of  Emir of Bahrain(Sir Charles Belgrave ( 1926-1956)  his initiative was rejected as an uncorrect reference at the time .  see TIME Magazine's August 27, 1956 entitled "The Uncontrollable Genie). Sir Belgrave's failure did not restrain Mr. Roderic Owen (an employee of British Petroleum in the 1950s) from reviving the project of name change for the Persian Gulf.
The misapplication of terms, such as using the old term for the Red Sea (Arabian Gulf) instead of Persian Gulf, was an ingenious step in creating geopolitical and popular friction between Arabs and Iranians which  can cause  confution and a mess of geo names .

Note that many schoolars and Mass Medi  such as CBC( Mr. Germain head of Canadian Broadcasting Corporation) after carful study of the case have  removed  all references to "Arabian Gulf" and now  correctly refer to the body of water as The Persian Gulf. .
It would be appreciated that the geographical error be rectified as soon as possible. Your attention to this matter is most appreciated.


Best Regards

Mohammad Ajam   faculty of law and  political science .member of  Persian.Gulf org.

نویسنده : m.ajam=adjam : ۳:۱٥ ‎ب.ظ ; جمعه ٢ بهمن ،۱۳۸۳
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Iran names highway 'Persian Gulf'

 

civilization was very older in

 

 

 

 

 

Iran reacted strongly in November when the eighth edition of the National Geographic atlas was released with the term "Arabian Gulf" in parenthesis. Tehran banned that edition of the atlas, as well as National Geographic journalists.

On December 30, National Geographic announced it was changing its map. The revised map, published on www.nationalgeographic.com, bears a note in the middle of the Gulf saying that while most people call it the Persian Gulf, "this body of water is referred to by some as the Arabian Gulf."

 

 

 

  •  

 

Mesopotamia at the head of the Persian Gulf.

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'al-khaleej al-farsi <#hits#>i

 

نویسنده : m.ajam=adjam : ۳:٠٩ ‎ب.ظ ; جمعه ٢ بهمن ،۱۳۸۳
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Aryan invasion theory" was false iranian were in iran at least 10000

Due to a long history of Anti-Iranian feelings amongst the Europeans that goes back to the time of Greek and Roman writers who were at war with us for centauries; there are a lot of European books that have been written by propagandists with an agenda to denigrate us.

We must begin to research and write our own history and not simply recycle the lies of Europeans.

Do Europeans allow others to write their history books? NO.

Do Americans allow others to write their history books? NO.

Do Jews allow others to write their history books? No Way.

We know that a lot of things that Europeans, Americans, and specially Jews have written about themselves are pure lies and fabrications in order to make themselves look good in the eyes of others.

But we Iranians, are the only one who allow our enemies to write about us, our history, our origin, etc.

These days there are a lot of American, British, and specially Jewish funded groups who are spreading anti-Iran lies all around the World.

Israeli agents, the "Bahais" pay news medias all around the World to call Persian New Year "Nowruz", a Bahai New Year. Zionist-azaris do the exact same thing.

Another group of Israeli agents, Zionist-azaris even call "Zartosht" a turk? I guess Avesta is in turkish!

Arab apes, and turks spread lies that Iranians (Aryans) invaded Iran ("Aryan invasion theory" by "Friedrich Max Müller").

Even Europeans now accept that the "Aryan invasion theory" was false, because there is not even one piece of evidence to back it up.

No one has been able to provide even on piece of evidence that Iranians (Aryans) came from somewhere else. Yet our books and most of our own people keep repeating these lies.

"Aryan invasion theory" was just a theory, and that's it. Until a theory is backed up by solid evidence it remains just an unproven theory.

I can claim and theorize that there are little green men living on planet Mars. But until I provide evidence, it remain just a theory and nothing more.

I have studied Archaeology and Physical anthropology, and I have yet to find one shred of evidence that Iranians (Aryans) came from any place but the Greater Iranian Plateau.

A lot of misinformation about Iran and origin of Aryans goes back to writing of Europeans likes German "Friedrich Max Müller" and his false "Aryan invasion theory" (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aryan_invasion_theory), and others in the mid nineteenth century.

Today we know that those theories are false. Sadly, those false theories are the foundations of many high school and university books that are still in use.

Iranians never came from anywhere else. There is no evidence whatsoever that Iranians (Aryans) came from Europe or Asia. All those false theories goes back to writings of a few Europeans during the Victorian era.

The name of "Iran" goes back to the origins of "Aryans". Every linguist in the World now accepts that the Etymology of word "Iran" is an Indo-Iranian (Indo-European). The word Aryan has roots in the word that Iranians called themselves "Ayria", meaning free, noble and steady.

The word Iran is derived from this very root, having been transformed from Ayria, meaning the land of the Aryans. This is the most ancient term applied to the Greater Iranian Plateau, and such a term has never been detected anywhere else in the world!

This is a solid proof that Aryans were originally from the Greater Iranian Plateau and then spread out to other regions. And that is the reason why almost all European languages are derived from ancient Persian or Indo-Iranian (Indo-European).

Last year a group of linguists, using the differences amongst Indo-Iranian (Indo-European), languages estimated the dates of divergence of these languages. The result was published in the most respected scientific journals; "Nature", and "Science".

Those results showed that the date of Indo-Iranian (Indo-European), language divergence began about 10,000 years ago.

This is yet another proof that Iranians (Aryans) have been in IThe Greater ranian Plateau for at least 10,000 years.

I am Dariush, the great king, the king of kings
'Aryan', from the Aryan race
"From the Darius the Great's Inscription in Naqshe-e-Rostam"
http://www.iranchamber.com/history/articles/aryan_people_origins.php

Science
November 28, 2003
Volume: 302; Pages: 1490-1491
Early Date for the Birth of Indo-European Languages
http://www.sciencemag.org

Nature
November 27, 2003
Volume 426; Pages: 435 - 439
Language-tree divergence times support the Anatolian theory of Indo-European origin
http://www.nature.com/cgi-taf/DynaPage.taf?file=/nature/journal/v426/n6965/abs/nature02029_fs.html

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Persian Gulf not Ar gulf

Dear Sir/Madam,
I noted that you have used the term "Arabian Gulf"  instead of the
historical term of the Persian Gulf in your Web site;
http://www.planet-rugby.com/News/story_40997.shtml

I would like to point out that according to all historical/geographical
documents, also United Nations' directives, the name of this
waterway which separates  Iran (Persia) from Saudi Arabia is the
PERSIAN GULF :

UN Links :
http://www.un.org/Depts/Cartographic/map/profile/westasia.pdf
http://www.un.org/Depts/Cartographic/map/profile/iran.pdf
http://www.un.org/depts/dhl/maplib/docs/escwa.pdf

You can visit this page for some maps & documents and see even Arab
scholars until 1960s used "Al-Khalij Al-Farsi" (Arabic name
of the "Persian Gulf");
http://www.persiangulfonline.org/maps.htm

"Arabian Gulf" in fact is the ancient name of the present-day "Red Sea"
(located between Arabia and Africa).

May I ask you to kindly use the proper term in your website?
Thanks so much for your attention.

Sincerely,
Pejman Akbarzadeh
Member of "ARTISTS WITHOUT FRONTIERS"  (Tehran Chapter)
http://artistswithoutfrontiers.com/pakbarzadeh/index.html



 

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Pan-Arabism's Legacy of Confrontation

 

Pan-Arabism's Legacy of Confrontation with Iran

By: Dr. Kaveh Farrokh

Pan-Arabism's Legacy

Few Iranians (or westerners) have heard of Pan-Arab nationalists such as Satia Al-Husri, Sami Shawkat, Michel Aflaq or Khairallah Tulfah. Their version of Arab nationalism is as anti-Western as it is anti-Persian. The philosophies of these men have done much to inspire generations of Arab leaders such as Gamal Abdel Nasser, who passionately advocated the changing of the Persian Gulf to "Arab Gulf", or Saddam Hussein, who defined his Arabism by the extent of his brutality against Iranians (Kurds, Persians, etc.). more see here....... 

 

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sharq al owsat

National Geographic  report on history of persian gulf and did call it  again the this is her report on  Persian Gulf...

 

 

در خصوص ترجمه اين کتاب به زبان انگليسی و عربی از هموطنان تقاضای ياری داريم

تصوير روی جلد و پشت جلد  يکی از ۱۰ نقشه معروفی است که بطور همزمان دريای عرب را با نام دريای پارسpersian sea و خليج فارس را با نام خليج فارس ثبت کرده اند البته ما دريای پارس را سالها است که به دريای عرب تغيير داده ايم حالا مانده است از آن اقيانوس پارس يک خليج  در جنوب غربی ايران که ناسيونال فاشيستهای عرب به آنهم گير داده اند .

Dear all PGTF
 
as you know arabic newspaper sharq al owsat is the  most important arabic newspaper publishing in more than  30 countries similtaniously . the writters are all very famous and most of them ex ministers or high rank officials ,there are 3 news and 4 articales on it during 1  month past  about persian gulf name and some comment on it and .
main point of this 4 article is this:

1-geoghraphical name are  not as important as some iranian are sensetive to it .
2-  geoghraphical name have no permenet  ID and are  due to be changed according to the reality as the bahre roum , mamlekat fars . blad ajam , soviet union ....that  have been changed and not exist any more.
3- those who had called the gulf persian gulf they had ignored west part of the gulf that have been resident of arabs befor Ariyan persian occupation??!!2500years ago??!!
4- historicaly the gulf had been named by arabs and others as persian gulf but this not means that it must remain as a holy unchangeable name for ever.
5- expansionist and pride ( kebria) policy of persian majus had been always with Iranian   wether Shah or iranian shia moullahs
6- Iranian can use the nam and we use our name
7- we will never oppose them of using persian gulf and they must not force us to obay that name
8- iranian nationalist are very racist and look to arabs as inferior and degrade insult arabs all the time.
9- there is persian side of the gulf and arabian side so it is persian/arabian gulf
10- iran must not use historical maps for political use
11- there are many geoghraphical name in the world with 2 or more diferent name and all respected country respect and treat these name as equail  like mansh and british chanel.both side use both name
12- why iranian becom so angry when ever they hear arabian gulf ? is not koran in arabic and prophet mohammad and imams all arabs?what is wrong or harmful to iranian who can not tolerate a name ?
14- kareston neibur and rodrico owen as pioneer europian had recognized  that the best name  fit to the region is arabian gulf because of the cost all populated by arabs .
15- khomeiny sugested islamic gulf but iranian racist nationalist full of persian pride  rejected this 

16- mollas are using this term to satisfy their safvid dreams. if you have any answear please go to their site an comment .
more:http://farsi-arabi.persianblog.ir/

www.parssea.persianblog.ir
www.asharqalawsat.com

persian gulf for ever has apeared in the most famouse arabic newspaper sharq al awsat

  

 

rashid
persian gulf
02/01/2005
i had read this comment and i am ashamed of many of this unlogic comments of ours brothers who call themself arabs i am sorry to say we had started to replace a historical name that has been used by all arabs as khaleej fars and bahre fars befor 1957 to arabian gulf if we want to change it it is ok but in arabic language. this is racist policy to force other culture and language to follow us
غضب إيران أو سورية سواء في التصريح أو في السلوك, فضبط النفس لديهما على درجة كبيرة لأنهما تقرآن ما بين السطور وما يدور تحت الطاولة.
The name of the Gulf was always the Persian Gulf and it was clear that the reason for changing the name to Arabic Gulf was due to Naser and his national movement. The logic of ownership of a water entity has never been in the iranian minds. So the logic and the examples given by the writer are invalid . Is he saying Mexico should take the whole ownership of the Gulf of Mexico etc. The arabs are the guilty party by giving themself the right to change one whole Gulf due to nationalism reasons. The current prime minister and his defense ministers of iraq are in temprory positions so iran does not have to reply
 
persian gulf for ever
uae
04/01/2005
since one year ago i am reading your article there is no logic and no reson to prove your claim and the same is with the comments always are the same it is comming from few people with diffrent name for example khanjar shie have been copied from previous article and paste it to this one
give us new thing and prove your claim with documents
as iranian are doing they will never claim any thing without enough document
i am an iranian but had allways recepected arabs as good people the problems is coming from our leaders

M.AJAM  falcon of persian gulf watch

 

نویسنده : m.ajam=adjam : ۱:۳٩ ‎ق.ظ ; سه‌شنبه ٢٩ دی ،۱۳۸۳
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